Measuring radiofrequency field-induced temperature variations in brain MRI exams with motion compensated MR thermometry and field monitoring in Magnetic Resonance in Medicine ; Caroline Le Ster, Franck Mauconduit, Christian Mirkes, Alexandre Vignaud, Nicolas Boulant, published on 22 October 2021
Purpose : An MR thermometry (MRT) method with motion and field fluctuation compensation is proposed to measure non-invasively sub-degree brain temperature variations occurring through radiofrequency (RF) power deposition during MR exams.
Methods : MRT at 7T with a multi-slice echo planar imaging (EPI) sequence and concurrent field monitoring was first tested in vitro to assess accuracy in the presence of external field perturbations, an optical probe being used for ground truth. In vivo, this strategy was complemented by a motion compensation scheme based on a dictionary pre-scan, as reported in some previous work, and was adapted to the human brain. Precision reached with this scheme was assessed on eight volunteers with a 5 minute-long low specific absorption rate (SAR) scan. Finally, temperature rise in the brain was measured twice on the same volunteers and with the same strategy, this time by employing a 20-minutes scan at the maximum SAR delivered with a commercial volume head coil.
Results : In vitro, the root mean square (RMS) error between optical probe and MRT measurements was 0.02°C with field sensor correction. In vivo, the low SAR scan returned a precision in temperature change measurement with field monitoring and motion compensation of 0.05°C. The 20-minutes maximum SAR scan returned a temperature rise throughout the inner-brain in the range of 0–0.2°C. Brain periphery remained too sensitive with respect to motion to lead to equally conclusive results.
Conclusion : Sub-degree temperature rise in the inner human brain was characterized experimentally throughout RF exposure. Potential applications include improvement of human thermal models and revision of safety margins.
Partners : CEA Neurospin
Keywords : MR thermometry, radiofrequency